• Solids have definite shape and volume whereas liquids, though having a definite volume retain the shape of the container in which they are placed. Solid and liquid are two very distinct states of matter having different properties. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Liquid and solid are two of the three primary phases matter is found in nature. All matter is made up of molecules and atoms, and each atom is composed of electrons, protons, and neutrons. Water vapor, liquid water and ice all have the same chemical properties, but their physical properties are considerably different. Another property of liquids is surface tension that makes the surface of the liquid to act as a thin elastic film. The best example of a solid turning into liquid and vice versa is water. On the other hand, this intermolecular space being more than in solids allows liquids to be compressed slightly more. • Liquids have the property of wetting that solids do not possess. On the other hand, molecules in a liquid are closely packed but there is no regular pattern. Rigidly packed molecules do not allow a solid to flow whereas this is a characteristic property of a liquid. Sine the space between molecules in a solid is very small, they are not compressible. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. In general, they can only vibrate and are not free to move from one place to another. Difference between Solid, Liquid and Gas Table (Solids vs Liquids vs Gases) Define matter: All things around us that occupy space and have mass are known as matter. Everything around us is considered a matter. Filed Under: Physics Tagged With: boiling point, four phases of substance, gas, Gaseous state, gases, liquid, Liquid state, liquids, plasma, properties of gas, properties of liquid, solid, state of matter, steam, surface tension, viscosity, wetting. • Liquids are slightly compressible while solids do not compress. NCERT Books. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Solids . Another way where water turns into gaseous state is when evaporation takes place. Liquid is that state of matter where the substance has a definite volume but no shape and takes the shape of the container in which it is placed. Class 1 - 3; Class 4 - 5; Class 6 - 10; Class 11 - 12; CBSE. Liquids have a special property of flowing. Steam that is produced is water in gaseous state. Difference Between Evaporation and Boiling, Difference Between Liquid State and Gaseous State, Difference Between Sublimation and Evaporation, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Radiation and Chemotherapy, Difference Between First and Second Order Reactions, Difference Between Bryophytes and Pterophytes, Difference Between Horsepower and Kilowatts, Difference Between Primary and Secondary Mycelium, Difference Between Stannic and Stannous Chloride, Difference Between Mycorrhiza and Coralloid Roots, Difference Between Red Oxide and Zinc Chromate Primer, Difference Between Golden Rice and Normal Rice. Particles (read molecules) in a solid are densely packed in a regular pattern and they have very little space to have any kind of movement. Difference Between Liquid State and Gaseous State, Difference Between Evaporation and Boiling, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Umbrella Species and Keystone Species, Difference Between Dominant and Recessive Alleles, Difference Between Keystone Species and Foundation Species, Difference Between Primary and Secondary Mycelium, Difference Between Stannic and Stannous Chloride, Difference Between Mycorrhiza and Coralloid Roots, Difference Between Red Oxide and Zinc Chromate Primer, Difference Between Golden Rice and Normal Rice. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. A solid can be converted into a liquid state by applying heat and pressure. Olivia is a Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field experience. • On the other hand, gas has no fixed volume and continues to expand in every direction unless kept in a container that is closed. Liquids have the ability to flow whereas solids are rigid and maintain fixed shape and volume. Every substance found in our universe exists in one of the four phases namely solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. BNAT; Classes. This allows particles to move apart and gases thus have very low density. • Both liquids and gases belong to a state of matter called plasma because of the shared characteristic of flowing. So there is nothing to choose between solids and liquids when it comes to their composition, but how these constituents are packed and how they behave is what makes a material a solid or a liquid. Liquids are less compressible than gases as they have greater intermolecular attraction. A solid has a definite shape and volume because the molecules that make up the solid are packed closely together and move slowly. In general covalent bonds determine: molecular shape, bond energies, chemical properties, while intermolecular forces (non-covalent bonds) influence the physical properties of liquids and solids. Gases are made up of molecules that have very little intermolecular attraction thus moving freely in all directions. You must have noticed this property when a person wearing scent on body enters a room and the fragrance reaches even a person sitting in the remote corner of the room. When ice is heated, it melts turning into water (liquid), but readily gets converted into a solid (ice) when its temperature is lowered. Solid, Liquid Vs. Gas Comparison Table. There are many more differences between solids and liquids that will be highlighted in this article. In the case of water, it is surface tension that allows it to make spherical drops. The best example of liquid and gas in our daily lives is water which is a liquid but becomes a gas when we provide heat to it bringing it to its boiling point. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. Example of matter: Air we breath, Water we drink, the food we eat, stones, clouds, stars, plants and animals, even a small drop of water or a particle of sand – every thing is matter Though these differences cannot be seen with naked eyes, it is when the particles of a solid and liquid are seen through a microscope that we can appreciate the differences between a solid and a liquid. In general, their appearance is a give away to their phase. So there is nothing to choose between solids and liquids when it comes to their composition, but how these constituents are packed and how they behave is what makes a material a solid or a liquid. Solids are often crystalline; examples of crystalline solids include table salt, sugar, diamonds, and many other minerals. Solids are sometimes formed when liquids or gases are cooled; ice is an example of a cooled liquid which has become solid. Because of the behavior of molecules, a solid retains a fixed shape and volume while a liquid, though retaining its volume takes the shape of the container in which it is placed. Filed Under: Physics Tagged With: atoms, liquid, Liquid state, molecules, properties of liquid, properties of Solid, solid, Solid state, states of matter. Molecules in a liquid are loosely arranged and they can easily move from one place to another indicating small intermolecular attraction. The best example of liquid and gas in our daily lives is water which is a liquid but becomes a gas when we provide heat to it bringing it to its boiling point.

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