Eugene's George Floyd/Black Lives Matter protests grew out of the civil unrest that began in Minneapolis and spread nationwide in May 2020 after the killing of Floyd, an unarmed Black man, by a Minneapolis police officer. Under the Köppen climate classification scheme, Eugene has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb). [67] No arrests were made on that night. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. *McKenzie River is unincorporated. When crop activities waned, they returned to their winter villages and took up hunting, fishing, and trading. [47] On October 2, 1970, unidentified perpetrators exploded a bomb in Prince Lucien Hall, causing $75,000 in damage (approximately $511,000 in 2020).[48]. The 1970s saw an increase in community activism. "Intermittent fever" is thought by researchers now to be malaria. In 2012, the Eugene metro region was dubbed the Silicon Shire for its growing tech industry. Though some Natives escaped being swept into the reservation, most were moved to the Grand Ronde reservation in 1856. Bushnell University (formerly Northwest Christian University), founded in 1895, has ties with the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ). The film centered on a group of women who are trying to qualify for the Olympic track and field team. The first major educational institution in the area was Columbia College, founded a few years earlier than the University of Oregon. This allows candidates to win seats during the lower-turnout primary election. This includes Roman Catholic parishes, Lutheran churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses Kingdom Halls, and Jewish synagogues. [202] The City of Eugene condemned Eugene's private water utility and began treating river water (first the Willamette; later the McKenzie) for domestic use. Northeast of the city is the Coburg Hills. Natural gas service is provided by NW Natural. All vendors must create or grow all their own products. Eugene is also home to the Eugene Emeralds, a short-season Class A minor-league baseball team. The race most likely to be in poverty in Eugene is Multiple, with 35.16% below the poverty level. Whiteaker hosts a housing co-op that dates from the early 1970s that has re-purposed both their parking lots into food production and play space. Later, in March 2001, activists attacked the same car dealership on Franklin for the second time in 6 months, damaging more than 30 SUVs. Zerophilia was filmed in Eugene in 2006. The city quickly grew a reputation for its beautiful natural environment, making it the ideal location for outdoor recreation such as running, bicycling and kayaking. In 2015 installations from a group of Eugene-based artists known as Light At Play were showcased in several events around the world as part of the International Year of Light, including displays at the Smithsonian and the National Academy of Sciences. The local NPR affiliates are KOPB, and KLCC. Burley Design LLC produces bicycle trailers and was founded in Eugene by Alan Scholz out of a Saturday Market business in 1978. [27], In July 1830, "intermittent fever" struck the lower Columbia region and a year later, the Willamette Valley. The Willamette and McKenzie Rivers run through Eugene and its neighboring city, Springfield. Another important stream is Amazon Creek, whose headwaters are near Spencer Butte. [24], According to archeological evidence, the ancestors of the Kalapuyans may have been in Eugene for as long as 10,000 years. Clear 1 Table. [152] The Portland Oregon Temple is the nearest temple.[153]. LTD also operates a bus rapid transit line that runs between Eugene and Springfield—Emerald Express (EmX)—much of which runs in its own lane, with stations providing for off-board fare payment. Also next to the Willamette are Skinner Butte Park[168] and the Owen Memorial Rose Garden, which contains more than 4,500 roses of over 400 varieties,[169] as well as the 150-year-old Black Tartarian Cherry tree,[170] an Oregon Heritage Tree.[171]. [91], Hispanics and Latinos of any race accounted for 7.8% of the total population. [209], Emerald Valley, The Emerald City, Track Town, ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties, 1960s: Counterculture and campus protests. [181] Eugene City Hall was abandoned in 2012 for reasons of structural integrity, energy efficiency, and obsolete size. LTD also offers paratransit. By continuing to use our site you agree to our privacy policy. Saraha Nyingma Buddhist Temple in Eugene[161] opened in 2012 in the former site of the Unitarian Universalist Church. [96], Luckey's Club Cigar Store is one of the oldest bars in Oregon. Eugene is the designated county seat. The tear gas used by the Eugene police affected over 100 people, and 15 were arrested. Census. [163], The basketball arena, McArthur Court, was built in 1926. Eugene has seen steady growth throughout its history, particularly during the 20th century. The first students registered on October 16, 1876. [205][206] The Volunteers in Medicine & Occupy Medical clinics provide free medical and mental care to low-income adults without health insurance. After this, more white settlers moved to the area. Local activists stopped a proposed freeway and lobbied for the construction of the Washington Jefferson Park beneath the Washington-Jefferson Street Bridge. The population density was 3,404.8 people per square mile (1,314.5/km2). In January 1991, a downtown student-led protest against the Gulf War drew 1,500 people and resulted in the arrest of 51, including 15 juveniles. [204] White Bird Clinic provides a broad range of health and human services, including low-cost clinics. The nearest ski resort, Willamette Pass, is one hour from Eugene by car. The first Nike shoe was used in 1972 during the US Olympic trials held in Eugene.[42]. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

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