An occasion to the flesh.—Do not, under the name “liberty,” give way to sensual excesses. For an occasion to the flesh; as a pretext for the indulgence of fleshly lusts. (Galatians 5:13, NIV) "The entire law is summed up in a single command: 'Love your neighbor as yourself.'" Only use not that liberty for an occasion to the flesh. “But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law” (v. 18). Worshiping an idol would violate the commandment, “You shall have no other gods before me. The article τῆς emphasizes the love as possessed and manifested by them, and διά points it out as the instrument of this mutual service. • Love (agape). For the thought compare Aristides quoted by Wetstein, λυσιτελέστερον μὲν εἶναι δουλεύειν, ἤ κακῶν ἐφόδιον τὴν ἐλευθερίαν ἔχειν. freedom, as though it were the design of the Gospel to lead to freedom. 13.Ye have been called to liberty. “Only do not treat it as an opening for carnal self-indulgence, but for loving service to each other.” μόνον is used in the same elliptical way in Galatians 2:10 and 2 Thessalonians 2:7; and the ellipsis of the verb after μή is common in rhetorical passages.— ἀφορμήν. The apostle is careful to distinguish between true Christian liberty from the bondage of Judaism and Antinomian licentiousness. unto = upon. 4 You are alienated from Christ, you who desire to be justified by the law. Therefore. Do not give the flesh the handle (Romans 7:8, "occasion") for indulgence, which it eagerly seeks: do not let it make Christian "liberty" its pretext for indulgence (Galatians 5:16-17; 1 Peter 2:16; 2 Peter 2:19; Jude 1:4). ", Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, ἀπόνοια ταύτης αἰτία τῆς πλάνης αὐτοῖς ἐγένετο, ἡ γὰρ τῶν αἱρέσεων μήτηρ ἡ τῆς φιλαρχίας ἐστὶν ἐπιθυμία, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 1 Peter 2:16. • Strife (eris) Strife or contentious behavior. • He called them not to “walk as the rest of the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, being darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God” (4:17-18). The special contrast, however, which is here opposed to the general category of the σάρξ, has its ground in the circumstances of the Galatians, and its warrant in what is about to be said of love in Galatians 5:14. Comp. You were called on the footing of freedom. 1905. Law and its bondage were in direct antagonism to faith and its freedom. "The Good News of Christ has called you out from slavery into the freedom which Christ gives!" In the quaint words of a recent Irish theologian, “If the devil cannot stop the coach, he mounts the box and drives.” Compare Romans 6, Judges 1:4. (Witham). Winer, § 64, 6; Matthew 26:5; Sophocles, Antig. James doesn’t say that we can gain salvation by good works. In verses 19-21a, Paul offers a detailed description of the evident (phanera) works of the flesh. Can faith save him? “The Good News of Christ has called you out from slavery into the freedom which Christ gives!” But do not let. A yoke, of course, was the wooden implement used to join two oxen to serve the purpose of their master. Galatians 5:13 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit; also in verses 16, 17, 19 and 24; and in 6:8. Matthew 26:5. The first structural division is verses 13-14. We have seen people in the church or in families or in businesses biting and devouring those near them. When he says, If you receive circumcision, Christ will profit you nothing” (v. 2), he is saying that we must choose one or the other, the law or Christ, as our savior. Unto liberty , [ ep' (Greek #1909) eleutheria (Greek #1657)] - 'for liberty.' The Greek word peripateo literally means “walk around” (peri means “around,” as in our English word “perimeter”—and pateo means “to walk.”). Some versions get out of the difficulty by recurring to the nominative. διὰ τῆς ἀγάπης δουλεύετε,, Colossians 3:24; cf. How often has the word freedom been abused and perverted into its diabolical caricature! 7.6, 3; Winer, § 48, c; Jelf, 634, 3. Against such things there is no law. It suggests giving, even to the point of sacrifice. (13) For.—This connecting particle supplies the reason for the Apostle’s severe treatment of the Judaisers. The word pleroo in this context means, “performed fully.”  In other words, Paul is saying that those who love their neighbors have kept the law fully. ῾υμεῖς γὰρ ἐπ᾿ ἐλευθερίᾳ ἐκλήθητε, ἀδελφοί—“For ye for your part were called to liberty, brethren”- ὑμεῖς being emphatic from its position. See also Wieseler's long note. A literal translation would be, “don’t submit again to a yoke of slavery.”. Identify the Genre; The macro level is epistolary. For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwells no good thing. And being found in human form, he humbled himself, becoming obedient to death, yes, the death of the cross” (Philippians 2:6-8). This injunction contains an instructive paradox. F, G supply δῶτε after σαρκί; and so Jerome and the Vulgate, detis. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. The Expositor's Greek Testament. Barclay, William, Daily Study Bible: Letters to the Galatians and Ephesians, (Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1965), Cousar, Charles, Interpretation:  Galatians (Louisville:  John Knox Press, 1982), Fung, Ronald Y.K. (Galatians 5:16), According to verse 16 the way of victory is to “walk by the Spirit.” The Christian must yield to the Holy Spirit’s will and direction; note Psalm 23:1a, 3b, “The Lord is my shepherd…He guides me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake.” Furthermore, the Christian must rely upon the power of the Holy Spirit to successfully combat the sinful nature; note Zechariah 4:6b, “Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, declares Jehovah of hosts.”. Paul says here that believers who love each other with agape love will exemplify that love through service to one another. Because a yoke so restricted the oxen’s movements, it became a symbol of servitude. “It is with justice that I speak so indignantly against those men; for ye, who are being worked upon by them to bring you under the bondage of the law, have received God’s call to the Messianic kingdom for an object entirely different,—in order that ye may be free.” Thus the apostle again reminds his readers of the great benefit already indicated in Galatians 5:1, but now with the view of inculcating its single necessary moral limitation. When one puts his faith in Jesus he becomes spiritually united to Christ, becoming joined to Christ in His death and resurrection (note Galatians 2:20). Gwynne needlessly throws the connection back to the last verse of the previous chapter. 5. 24 Those who belong to Christ have crucified the flesh with its passions and lusts. But by love serve one another. 1897. The want of a verb in similar cases with μή is not uncommon. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another. Galatians 5:13 Commentaries: For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. For κλῆσις, see under Galatians 1:6, Ephesians 4:1. While free as to legalism, be bound by love [in the abstract, tees (Greek #3588) agapees (Greek #26): else 'your love'] to serve one another (1 Corinthians 9:19). Comp. So also the truly Christian ideas of equality and fraternity. But he adds the salutary caution-. XI (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2002), Longenecker, Richard N., Word Biblical Commentary: Galatians, Vol. Verse 18 conveys the principle that those led (agesthe-present passive indicative) by the Spirit are not under the law. 1 Thessalonians 4:7; Ephesians 2:10; Soph. Freedom from the ceremonial law, and through faith in Christ, from the condemning power of the moral law, and from the necessity of perfectly obeying it in order to salvation, do not lessen but increase a man’s obligation to keep it; and such freedom will secure a hearty obedience. Now those who belong to Christ have crucified the sinful nature along with its passions and lusts.

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