The Iç Bedesten has a rectangular plan (43.30 m x 29.50 m). [37] Afterwards, the westernization of the Ottoman society and the influence of the national minorities caused the introduction of mercantile ethics in Ottoman society. Some years later [14]—according to other sources,[12] this occurred in 1545 under Sultan Suleiman I—Mehmed II had another covered market built, the "Sandal Bedesten" (the name comes from a kind of thread woven in Bursa, which had the colour of sandalwood[15]), also named Küçük ("Little"), Cedit or Yeni (both words meaning "New") Bedesten, which lay north of the first. It was built in 1620 on the northern side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square. It is hard to say exactly when the bazaar first appeared, but in the centuries after the Muslim conquest of Iran, travelers reported the growth of commerce in the area now occupied by the current bazaar. At the beginning the two buildings were isolated. [44] Each guild had a financial department which collected a moderate monthly fee (some silver coins; Turkish: Kuruş) from the members and administered it taking care of the needs of each associated person. The main commercial activities in the Qeysarie bazaar are carpet and kilim selling. [12] Other fires ravaged the complex in 1588, 1618 (when the Bit Pazarı was destroyed), 1645, 1652, 1658, 1660 (on that occasion the whole city was devastated), 1687, 1688 (great damage occurred to the Uzun Çarşı) 1695, and 1701. In order to establish a new one, it was only necessary to have enough traders of the same good. [11], The construction of the Bedesten ended in the winter of 1460/61, and the building was endowed to the waqf of the Hagia Sophia Mosque.

Specially when you continue from the exit of Zenneciler Street, you will find a infinite image of calligraphers and antique shops. The first fire occurred in 1515; another in 1548. Today we find numerous options in the Grand Bazaar for food and drink, however, before the westernization of Ottoman society, the concept of restaurants was completely unfamiliar. Analysis of the brickwork shows that most of the structure originates from the second half of the 15th century, although a Byzantine relief representing a Comnenian eagle, still enclosed on the top of the East Gate (Kuyumcular Kapısı)) of the Bedesten has been used by several scholars as proof that the edifice was a Byzantine structure.[1]. The structure has not changed or developed since. Health center, police station, branches of all banks and post office are among these institutions. Grand Bazaar in Istanbul: Alleys Full Of History. [25] At the end of the day, each stall was closed with drapes. Their members met in Dervish shrines and performed religious functions. [44] These two officers were flanked by the assembly of the elders, non necessarily old in age, but comprising the most experienced traders. The 16th century saw the expansion of Istanbul’s Grand Bazaar. Throughout the centuries, the structure has withstood many natural disasters, with fixable damage, thanks to its unique architecture that was ahead of its time.
[17], The 19th-century growth of the textile industry in western Europe, introduction of mass production methods, the capitulations signed between the Empire and many European countries, and the forestalling – always by European merchants – of the raw materials needed to produce goods in the Empire's closed economy, were factors which caused the Market's decline. The last fires of bazaar happened in 1943 and 1954, and the related restorations were finished on 28 July 1959.[22].

In a market near the Bedesten, named in Turkish Esir Pazarı, the slave trade was active, a use also carried over from Byzantine times. [17] The Minister of Public Works, Mahmud Celaleddin Pasha, supervised the repair of the damaged Bazaar until 1898, and on this occasion the complex was reduced in area. It stretches roughly from west to east between the mosques of Beyazit and of Nuruosmaniye. The Grand Bazaar, founded in 1461, resembles a massive labyrinth with its aesthetic design.

[12] Despite that, other fires ravaged the complex in 1750 and 1791. The Grand Bazaar area is open all day and the store’s opening hours are generally around 9:30-22:00. Grand Bazaar, also known as Kapalıçarşı built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, is a historical shopping square surrounded by shops covered with roofs and domes. Hans: Ağa, Astarcı, Bodrum, Cebeci, Çuhacı, İçcebeci, Kapılar, Kaşıkçı, Kebapçı, Kızlarağası, Sarnıçlı, Sorguçlu, Yolgeçen, Zincirli and Evliya. Traders in iron caskets; capital, savings and jewelery, as well as records and registration documents in LonCard. [ citation needed ] The International Grand Bazaar occupies an area of 4,000 m² and has an 80-metre sightseeing tower, an open mosque, an opera theatre and a food court. Required fields are marked *. The Bazaar can easily be reached from Sultanahmet and Sirkeci by trams (Beyazıt-Kapalıçarşı stop). [37] The reason for such behavior lies partly in the ethics of Islam, and partly in the guild system which provided a strong social security net to the merchants. [42] Not only was the market the only place in town where the ladies could go relatively easily[43] (and this circumstance made the place especially interesting for the Europeans who visited the city), but—especially from the Tanzimat age on—it was also the only public place where the average citizen had a chance to meet the members of the Imperial Harem and of the Court casually. He was joined by a representative of the guild's member, called Yiğitbaşı ('chief of the brave young fellows').

Streets: Aga, Altuncular, Acisheme, Aynacılar, Basmacılar, Çuhacıhananı, Fesçiler, Hacıhasan, Hacıhüsnü, Yarplikçiler, Kalpakçılar, Karakol, Kavaflar, Kazazlar, Kolancılar, Furker, Lütfullahefendi, Mercantile, Particles, Painter, Sandal, Serpuççular, Varakçıhan, Yorgancılar, Yhanhasan, Zenneciler. Today we find numerous options in the Grand Bazaar for food and drink, however, before the westernization of Ottoman society, the concept of restaurants was completely unfamiliar. Your email address will not be published. The construction of the future Grand Bazaar's core started during the winter of 1455/56, shortly after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople and was part of a broader initiative to stimulate economic prosperity in Istanbul. [10] The building – named alternately in Turkish İç ("Internal"), Atik ("Ancient"), or Eski ("Old") Bedesten – lies on the slope of the third hill of Istanbul, between the ancient Fora of Constantine and of Theodosius. Due to the scarce illumination, the edifice was kept open only some hours each day, and was devoted to the trade of luxury goods, above all textiles. Even if you originally planned to avoid shopping during your trip to Turkey, Copyright © 2002-2019 by Turkey Travel Planner, LLC. Between Ağa Street and Aynacılar Street at the entrance of the Bazaar, colorful images of exchange offices and goldsmiths are spectacular. Streets: Ağa, Altuncular, Acıçeşme, Aynacılar, Basmacılar, Çuhacıhanı, fesçiler, Hacıhasan, Hacıhüsnü, İplikçiler, Kalpakçılar, Karakol, Kavaflar, Kazazlar, Kolancılar, Kürkçüler, Lütfullahefendi, Mercançıkmazı, Parçacılar, Ressam, Sandal, Serpuççular, Takkeciler, Terzibaşı, Varakçıhan, Yorgancılar, Yüncühasan, Zenneciler.
After wandering through many touristic routes in the Grand Bazaar, it is strongly recommended that you visit Feraceciler Street.

The construction of the first bedesten (bazaar) was completed in 1460s, namely Cevahir, and Sultan Mehmed was endowed with the yield, to grant it to Hagia Sophia. This is often credited to the lack of women in social situations, jobs, and conventional beliefs in the region. [12] The building can be accessed through four gates: The Sandal Bedesten has also a rectangular plan (40.20 m × 42.20 m), with 12 stone piers bearing 20 bays surmounted by brick domes with blind drum. Hanlar: Ağa, Astarci, Bodrum, Cebeci, Çuhacı, İçcececi, Doors, Kaşıkçı, Kebabçı, Kızlarağası, Cistern, Sorguine, Yolgeçen, Zincirli and Evliya. The first bedestene that was built in 1460 was given the name of Cevahir and this burial was left to Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror to be given to … In the bazaar no artificial light was foreseen, also to prevent fires, and smoking was strictly prohibited. In 1738 the Kızlar Ağası Beşir Ağa endowed the Fountain (still existing) near Mercan Kapı. The bazaar was one of the greatest and luxurious trading center in the safavid era.


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