Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Yet, the most important thing to remember is that to this day, they are still thankful that they are no longer ruled by the Turks.

In 1821, the Ottoman Empire found itself occupied with war against Persia, and most particularly with the revolt by Ali Pasha in Epirus, which had forced the vali (governor) of the Morea, Hursid Pasha, and other local pashas to leave their provinces and campaign against the rebel force. The first region to revolt in Central Greece was Phocis, on March 24, whose capital, Salona (modern Amfissa), was captured by Panourgias on March 27.

Instead of surrendering, the Maniots simply replied: From the few Greeks of Mani and the rest of Greeks who live there to Ibrahim Pasha. Οι Tούρκοι κάμαν κατά το κάστρο και οι Ρωμαίγοι την θάλασσα. For their part, the great powers had initially created was in reality a client state ruled by their own nominee yet they did little to strengthen its economy despite denouncing the Ottomans for having impoverished Greece. Reprisals and executions ensued, and women are reported to have flung themselves over the Arapitsa waterfall to avoid dishonor and being sold in slavery. The Cretan Christians also suffered severely, losing around 21 peecent of their population. Kolokotronis, determined to take Tripolitsa, the Ottoman provincial capital in the Peloponnese, moved into Arcadia with 300 Greek soldiers. Our cowardly enemy is sick and weak. When he entered Arcadia his band of 300 fought a Turkish force of 1,300 men and defeated them. The Turks attempted three times (1822–24) to invade the Peloponnese but were unable to retrieve the area.

The Battle of Petra was the last of the Greek War of Independence. The Greek population of Macedonia participated in the war of independence but unfortunately, due to the vicinity to Constantinopolis (which was the center of the Turkish army), it did not result in success. An army of 2,000 Maniots under the command of Petros Mavromichalis, which included Kolokotronis, his nephew Nikitaras and Papaflessas advanced on the Messenian town of Kalamata.

On the news of the Psarian landing, there were Turkish retaliations in Papas' hometown and Greek shops were sacked and Greek traders along with the metropolitan bishop were imprisoned. Today, learning about the Greek War of Independence, which is sometimes also referred to as the Greek Revolution, reminds the Greek people of not only how far they’ve come but also what they are truly capable of when they unite for a common cause. The diversion of Ottoman…, A Greek revolution against Ottoman control fared better, for Greek nationalists appealed to European sympathy for a Christian nation struggling against Muslim dominance. Throughout the seventeenth century there was great resistance to the Turks in the Peloponnese and elsewhere, as evidenced by revolts led by Dionysius in 1600 and 1611 in Epirus. In 1814, three Greek merchants, Nikolaos Skoufas, Manolis Xanthos, and Athanasios Tsakalov, inspired by the ideas of Feraios and influenced by the Italian Carbonari, founded the secret Filiki Eteria ("Society of Friends"), in Odessa, an important center of the Greek mercantile diaspora.

Even though the Greeks were ultimately victorious, it was not without its consequences.

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