The molecular mass of Cl2 is 35.453 g.mol -1. This qualifies the bonds as polar covalent and creates partial charges as strong as those in water (H2O). It was first synthesized in the year 1630 but was not declared as an important element. Many students may have a doubt regarding whether Cl2 is polar or not. Yes, water (H2O) is polar.
While the water molecules are attracted to each other via hydrogen bonding, about 20% of them are free at any given time to interact with other chemical species. The diatomic molecules can only be bonded linearly.
Within a molecule, the atom with the higher power to attract electrons towards itself (i.e., it’s more electronegative than the other atom) will acquire a slight negative charge on itself, and the bond between the two atoms will become polar. Polar molecules occur when there is an electronegativity difference between the bonded atoms. The general rule is that “like dissolves like”, which means polar molecules will dissolve into other polar liquids and nonpolar molecules will dissolve into nonpolar liquids. The atoms in such molecules have an equal distribution of charge. Ask them in the comment section. It readily gets decomposed in water to form phosphoric acid. Hence, the molecule O2 is non-polar. The valence electrons of Phosphorus are 5 electrons and that of Chlorine is 7. It is one of the common chlorinating reagents. Well, carbon dioxide consists of two oxygen atoms attached to a carbon atom. As a result, the chlorine atom shares a larger proportion of charge, it attracts the bonded pair slightly more towards it and gains a partial negative charge. It also helps to produce a chemical compound ie; lithium hexafluorophosphate that is an electrolyte used in lithium-ion batteries. Both atoms have equal electronegative value. Q2. Now, both oxygen and hydrogen atoms have different electronegativities. A large difference between electronegativity values is seen with ionic bonds. This compound is a strong oxidizing agent and has the highest electron affinity among other elements.
Here's how it works for water. The electronegativity of Phosphorus is 2.19 and that of Chlorine is 3.16. you can check out the reason for the polarity of H2O. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'youaskweanswer_net-leader-1','ezslot_1',119,'0','0']));This, in turn, depends on the polarity of the bonds present in the molecule, as these bonds also contain electrons. These molecules have unequal distribution of charges on its atoms. The positive charge comes from the atomic nucleus, while the electrons supply the negative charge. You can predict nonpolar molecules will form when atoms have the same or similar electronegativity. As a result, the molecule formed by two chlorine atoms is nonpolar. The two atoms covalently bonded forms a nonpolar bond if the atoms share an equal proportion of charge. When the arrows do not cancel out each other, the molecule becomes polar.
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