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The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 and 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. Chandigarh is the capital city and union territory located in the northern part in India, this city directly ruled y union government of India.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'worldlistmania_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_0',111,'0','0'])); 10 Reasons Why You Need a Website For Your Business, 5 Effective Tips for Public Speaking Anxiety, 7 Most Needed Skills To Be A Top Engineer, 7 Signs You Are in a Rebound Relationship, 5 Ecommerce Website Design Mistakes You Should Avoid, 5 Tips to Get Divorced with an Abusive Spouse, 5 Mistakes you must be making with your Content Marketing Strategy. He then sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2,000 of them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property plundered. [32], Haryana as a state came into existence on 1 November 1966 the Punjab Reorganisation Act (1966).

Ramtanu Maitra: The Indira Gandhi Canal: greening the desert in India EIR Volume 14, Number 7, 13 February 1987. [134] Haryana has become the first state to implement Aadhaar-enabled birth registration in all the districts. [51], Music and dance for Haryanvi people is a great way of demolishing societal differences as folk singers are highly esteemed and they are sought after and invited for the events, ceremonies and special occasions regardless of their caste or status.

[51], With the coming up of a strongly socio-economic metropolitan culture in the emergence of urban Gurgaon (Gurugram) Haryana is also witnessing community participation in public arts and city beautification. [12], Agriculture sector is split across 93% crops and livestock, 4% commercial forestry and logging, and 2% fisheries.

[46], Haryana has its own unique traditional folk music, folk dances, saang (folk theatre),[47] cinema,[48] belief system such as Jathera (ancestral worship),[49][50] and arts such as Phulkari and Shisha embroidery. [51], Haryanvi folk dances and music have fast energetic movements. [119] In 2016–17, 18,412 hectares were brought under tree cover by planting 14.1 million seedlings. Electronic media channels include, MTV, 9XM, Star Group, SET Max, News Time, NDTV 24x7 and Zee Group. The 135.6 kilometres (84.3 mi) Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway (KMP) will provide a high-speed link to northern Haryana with its southern districts such as Sonipat, Gurgaon, and Faridabad.[173]. Haryana has the second largest Sikh population in India after Punjab, and they mostly live in the districts adjoining Punjab, such as Sirsa, Jind, Fatehabad, Kaithal, Kurukshetra, Ambala and Panchkula. Two biggest cities of Haryana, Faridabad and Gurgaon which are part of National Capital Region come under the local Delhi Mobile Telecommunication System.

[139][140][141][142] Other breeds of cattle native to Haryana are Haryanvi, Mewati, Sahiwal and Nili-Ravi. More than 450 species of birds are found here. [72] Haryana's main seasonal river, the Ghaggar-Hakra, known as Ghaggar before the Ottu barrage and as the Hakra downstream of the barrage,[68] rises in the outer Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Satluj and enters the state near Pinjore in the Panchkula district, passes through Ambala and Sirsa, it reaches Bikaner in Rajasthan and runs for 460 km (290 mi) before disappearing into the deserts of Rajasthan.

[27][better source needed], Ancient bronze and stone idols of Jain Tirthankara were found in archaeological expeditions in Badli, Bhiwani (Ranila, Charkhi Dadri and Badhra), Dadri, Gurgaon (Ferozepur Jhirka), Hansi, Hisar (Agroha), Kasan, Nahad, Narnaul, Pehowa, Rewari, Rohad, Rohtak (Asthal Bohar) and Sonepat in Haryana. In the Third Battle of Panipat (1761), the Afghan king Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas. [9][16][17] Haryana's state GSDP is 12th largest in India and grew at 12.96% between 2012 and 2017. It is ranked 22nd in terms of area, with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2 or 17,070 sq mi) of India's land area. Other majorly polluted cities are Bhiwani, Bahadurgarh, Dharuhera, Hisar and Yamunanagar. In the Second Battle of Panipat (1556), Akbar defeated the local Haryanvi Hindu Emperor of Delhi, who belonged to Rewari.

[12], Cut flowers production was: marigold 61,830 tonnes, gladiolus 2,448,620 million, rose 1,861,160 million and other 691,300 million. Haryana is home to Haryana Gold, one of India's eight professional basketball teams which compete in the country's UBA Pro Basketball League.

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India.

Harsha was a prominent king of the dynasty. These songs do transform fluidly in dialect, style, words, etc. There are more 18,616 female teachers and 17,061 male teachers in higher education. [12], Medicinal plants production was: aloe vera 1403 tonnes and stevia 13 tonnes. [135][136], Haryana's 14th placed 12.96% 2012-17 CAGR[19] estimated 2017-18 GSDP of US$95 billion[12] is split in to 52% services, 30% industries and 18% agriculture.

The major newspapers of Haryana include Dainik Bhaskar, Punjab Kesari, Jag Bani, Dainik Jagran, The Tribune, Amar Ujala, Hindustan Times, Dainik Tribune, The Times of India and Hari-Bhumi. [12], Fruits production was: citrus 301,764 tonnes, guava 152,184 tonnes, mango 89,965 tonnes, chikoo 16,022 tonnes, aonla 12,056 tonnes and other fruits 25,848 tonnes.

[22] The name Haryana has been derived from the Sanskrit words Hari (the Hindu god Vishnu) and ayana (home), meaning "the Abode of God". [12] Karoh Peak, a 1,467-metre (4,813 ft) tall mountain peak in the Sivalik Hills range of the greater Himalayas range located near Morni Hills area of Panchkula district, is highest point in Haryana.

[12] In industrial manufacturing, Haryana produces India's 67% of passenger cars, 60% of motorcycles, 50% of tractors and 50% of the refrigerators.
[51][52][53], Classical Haryanvi folk music is based on Indian classical music.

[113][114], Only hot spring of Haryana is the Sohna Sulphur Hot Spring at Sohna in Gurugram district.

[51] Older women usually sing devotional Mangal Geet (auspicious songs) and ceremonial songs such as Bhajan, Bhat (wedding gift to the mother of bride or groom by her brother), Sagai, Ban (Hindu wedding ritual where pre-wedding festivities starts), Kuan-Poojan (a custom that is performed to welcome the birth of a child by worshiping the well or source of drinking water), Sanjhi and Holi festival.

[50], Folk music and dances of Haryana are based on satisfying cultural needs of primarily agrarian and martial natures of Haryanavi tribes. Several regional languages or dialects, often subsumed under Hindi, are spoken in the state. Surender Singh Memorial Herbal Park, Kairu, Department of Economic and Statistical Analysis, Haryana, Department of Industries & Commerce, Haryana, Department of Industrial Training & Vocational Education, Haryana, Department of Institutional Finance & Credit Control, Haryana, Department of Labour & Employment, Haryana, Department of Land records & Consolidation, Haryana, Department of Revenue and Disaster Management, Haryana, Department of Elementary Education, Haryana, Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited, Haryana State Directorate of Archaeology & Museums, Haryana State Legal Services Authority, Haryana, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haryana&oldid=987833692, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1966, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from April 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles containing Haryanvi-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gurugram: (Sikanderpur, Mohammadpur Jharsa, 12 Biswa haveli in Gurgaon gaon, Mahalwala haveli in 8 Biswa of Gurgaon gaon), This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 14:36.
In 2015–2016, Haryana produced the following principal crops: 13,352,000 tonne wheat, 4,145,000 tonne rice, 7,169,000 tonne sugarcane, 993,000 tonne cotton and 855,000 tonne oilseeds (mustard seed, sunflower, etc.). The devotional dances and songs are Chaupaiya, Holi, Manjira, Ras Leela, Raginis). GT Road passes through the districts of Sonipat, Panipat, Karnal, Kurukshetra and Ambala in north Haryana where it enters Delhi and subsequently the industrial town of Faridabad on its way. [21], Industries sector is split across 69% manufacturing, 28% construction, 2% utilities and 1% mining. [39][40], The official language of Haryana is Hindi. [191][192][193] Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited and most of the leading private sector players (such as Reliance Infocom, Tata Teleservices, Bharti Telecom, Idea Vodafone Essar, Aircel, Uninor and Videocon) have operations in the state. [21][needs update] Haryana is the 7th highest among Indian states by human development index ranking.[10]. Karma, Krishnan K. Kamra, Published 1997, Indus Publishing, world's oldest ancient Indus Valley Civilization, List of National Parks & Wildlife Sanctuaries of Haryana, India, Amritsar Delhi Kolkata Industrial Corridor, central food security public distribution system, Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Northern Region Farm Machinery Training and Testing Institute, Bhakra-Nangal Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Station, Indira Gandhi Super Thermal Power Project, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, List of institutions of higher education in Haryana, List of Medical, Ayurvedic, Dental, Physiotherapy, Nursing and Para-medical colleges in Haryana, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, List of Monuments of National Importance in Haryana, List of State Protected Monuments in Haryana, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi", "Social Status of a Haryanvi Rural Woman: A Reflective Study through Folk Songs", "PressReader.com - Your favorite newspapers and magazines", "Haryana Population Sex Ratio in Haryana Literacy rate data", "This is NCR's new foodie magnet; have you been yet?

The Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice JC Shah on 23 April 1966 to divide the existing state of Punjab and determine the boundaries of the new state of Haryana after consideration of the languages spoken by the people. [3] After the state's formation, Telugu was made the state's "second language" – to be taught in schools – but it was not the "second official language" for official communication. [12][1] Chandigarh is the state capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state, and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of the NCR, with major Fortune 500 companies located in it.

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