("Portal" is an architectural term for "doorway". Im Rezensionsteil liegt das Schwergewicht auf Monographien. There is presently no consensus on whether the references to the Anunnaki Gods made in Mesopotamian Art and Texts were in relation to actual physical Gods that are said to have been present in Mesopotamian City States as suggested by the Sumerian Texts, or if they were merely a Political Invention used to justify control over the people by the Ruling King-Priest class. Login via your ), der Religions-, Rechts-, Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte des Alten Orients und Ägyptens sowie der Vorderasiatischen Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte. The subject of research is Mesopotamia and its neighboring countries (northern Syria, Anatolia, Elam), ie landscapes in which cuneiform writing was written at certain times, and, secondarily, more remote peripheral areas (Egypt). The greatest surviving work of Mesopotamian architecture is the Ishtar Gate, one of a series of gates that guarded the route into the heart of Babylon (during the Neo-Babylonian period). One of the most significant works of Mesopotamian Political Art is the Stele Of Hammurabi. Ideas on Justice and Law Principles first enacted by Hammurabi such as fair treatment of women, the poor and vulnerable still permeate our own Law Codes and Bills of Rights of today. As Mesopotamia is virtually devoid of stone, bricks (made from clay or mud) were the primary construction material.4 (Clay and mud are both a mixture of earth and water; clay is simply finer-grained.) Consequently, little survives of Mesopotamian architecture. Often, two of these types (or even all three) were combined in a single building. 3 of Babylonia and Assyria the name assumed various forms, is-ha-a-ra 1#, ê-sa-b-ira 20 , 'sfrrj*1, ušbri 22, ' ésbri , ' ésìyr-t 28. The Archive for Oriental Studies publishes essays and reviews in the field of ancient Near Eastern philology (languages: Sumerian, Akkadian, Hittite, Hurrian, Elamish, etc. Forschungsgegenstand sind Mesopotamien und seine Nachbarländer (Nordsyrien, Anatolien, Elam) d.h. Landschaften, in denen zu bestimmten Zeiten Keilschrift geschrieben wurde, und sekundär auch weiter entlegene Randzonen (Ägypten). Jahrtausend v. Chr. The sheer size of a city's buildings would communicate its might (to both native inhabitants and any would-be invaders), while murals and sculptures often illustrated divine approval (or even full-blown divinity) of the monarch. The two main traditional forms of building construction are post-and-beam (in which the roof rests on columns) and arched (in which the roof rests on arches). Collections and Festschriften are briefly discussed. The review section focuses on monographs. © 1937 Archiv für Orientforschung (AfO)/Institut für Orientalistik MEs may possibly have been commonly depicted as the ‘hand bags’ carried by the Ancient Gods in Mesopotamian Art. To the Ruling class, it served to constantly justify their dominion over the land and the people. In many societies, the power of the monarch and priestly class was periodically reaffirmed through dramatic ceremonies conducted in the presence of monumental art and architecture. To access this article, please, Archiv für Orientforschung (AfO)/Institut für Orientalistik, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Scenes of War and Peace are shown on each side of the box, with the King being the most prominent figure placed in the middle of the mosaic in order to emphasise his importance as Warrior and Provider, as well as being the people’s intercessor with the Gods. ), der Religions-, Rechts-, Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte des Alten Orients und Ägyptens sowie der Vorderasiatischen Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte.

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