Voters passed Proposition 206 in 2016 scheduling a series of wage increases which completed on January 1, 2020 when Arizona's minimum wage became $12.00. Americans overwhelmingly back a $15 minimum wage Congress last raised the federal minimum wage from $6.55 an hour to $7.25 an hour in 2009 during the Great Recession. Accuracy and availability may vary. Baker Signs 'Grand Bargain, "Obama: Congress has 'clear choice' on minimum wage", "Centrist Republicans cool to minimum wage hike compromise", "A minimum-wage hike finds hope in U.S. heartland", "Sanders and 21 Democrats introduce bill to raise minimum wage to $15 an hour", "H.R.15 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Raise the Wage Act", "Sanders, Democrats introduce $15 minimum wage bill", "City governments are raising standards for working people—and state legislators are lowering them back down", "Worker rights preemption in the US: A map of the campaign to suppress worker rights in the states", "Illinois Hourly Minimum Wage Rates by Year - Fair Labor Standards Division", "Governor Cuomo Signs $15 Minimum Wage Plan and 12 Week Paid Family Leave Policy into Law", "The Living Wage Movement—Viewpoints | EPI", "Minimum Wage Groundswell? "The results have been the same.". U.S. Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, 2007, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, The minimum wage established by the federal government, History of labor law in the United States, https://www.dol.gov/general/topic/wages/minimumwage, "State Minimum Wages, 2020 Minimum Wage by State", "Low-wage workers saw the biggest wage growth in states that increased their minimum wage between 2018 and 2019", "Working for $7.25 an Hour: Exploring the Minimum Wage Debate", "Low-wage workers will get paid more in 18 states in 2018 – but they could earn much more if the federal minimum wage had kept up with the economy", "$15 Minimum Wage Would Boost 17 Million Workers, Cut 1.3 Million Jobs, CBO Says", "Characteristics of minimum wage workers, 2018", "F.D.R. [69], In April 2017, Senator Bernie Sanders and Senator Patty Murray, backed by 28 of the Senate's Democrats, introduced new federal legislation which would raise the minimum wage to $15 per hour by 2024 and index it to inflation. [21][22] Factory inspector reports and newspaper reporting on the conditions of sweated labor in Melbourne, Victoria led in 1895 to the formation of the National Anti-Sweating League which pushed the government aggressively to deal legislatively with the problem of substandard wages. [39] In 2003 San Francisco, California and Santa Fe, New Mexico were the first cities to approve consumer price indexing for their minimum wage. Poverty & Public Policy 11.1-2 (2019): 156-168. The state's minimum wage has been $7.25 an hour since 2008. It is unclear whether the effect for the coming decade as a whole would be a small increase or a small decrease in budget deficits." Minimum Wage", "Fight for $15 swells into largest protest by low-wage workers in US history". Employers who offer health benefits can pay employees $8.00. Congress last raised the federal minimum wage from $6.55 an hour to $7.25 an hour in 2009 during the Great Recession. ALLEN: Looking at their losses and the success of the referendum, some Democrats believe their party missed an opportunity to attract voters, including many who cast ballots for President Trump. Florida approves a ballot initiative to raise its minimum wage to $15 per hour. The current federal minimum wage is at $7.25 per hour. [4] From 2018 to 2019, seven states increased their minimum wage levels through automatic adjustments, while increases in sixteen other states and D.C. occurred through referendum or legislative action. The state Capitol building in Frankfort, Kentucky (February 2020). Effective January 1, 2020 the minimum wage increased to $10.00 and will increase to $11.00 in 2021. What is the minimum wage for workers who receive tips? [307] On June 19, 2018, Initiative 77 passed, increasing the tipped minimum wage to match the standard minimum wage by the year 2026. A majority (56%) believe that raising the minimum wage will help the economy, 16% believe it won't make a difference, and only 21% felt it would hurt the economy. Families with income more than 6 times the poverty threshold would see their incomes fall (due in part to their business profits declining with higher employee costs), while families with incomes below that threshold would rise. Now it is," Zipperer said. [127] The researchers stated, "The effect of a US$1 increase in the minimum wage ranged from a 3.4% decrease (95% CI 0.4 to 6.4) to a 5.9% decrease (95% CI 1.4 to 10.2) in the suicide rate among adults aged 18–64 years with a high school education or less. The president has adopted various positions to a minimum wage hike since 2016, having previously expressed an openness to a higher wage floor. 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Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for further information. Minimum wage rate is automatically adjusted annually based on the. The Fair Labor Standards Act has since August 20, 1996 allowed for persons under the age of 20 to be paid $4.25 for the first 90 calendar days of their employment. "[144], A 2015 survey conducted by the University of New Hampshire Survey Center found that a majority of economists believes raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour would have negative effects on youth employment levels (83%), adult employment levels (52%), and the number of jobs available (76%).

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Currently, 29 states plus the District of Columbia have implemented higher wages than what the federal government mandates. [66][67][68] Later in 2014, voters in the Republican-controlled states of Alaska, Arkansas, Nebraska and South Dakota considered ballot initiatives to raise the minimum wage above the national rate of $7.25 per hour, which were successful in all four states. [135], The CBO estimated in February 2014 that raising the minimum wage would reduce the number of persons below the poverty income threshold by 900,000 under the $10.10 option versus 300,000 under the $9.00 option. “Local area supermarket food prices were not impacted by Seattle’s minimum wage policy 2 years into policy implementation and after the first increase to $15/h overall or by sub-classification,” that study stated, adding that “low-income workers may be able to afford higher quality diets if wages increase yet supermarket prices stay the same.”.

Thomas' legislation, which will be filed before the 2021 General Assembly begins in January, would also allow for individual cities to enact their own minimum wage laws and increase tip wages for servers and those in the food industry over the next four years.

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