A culprit bacteria may grow in a urine culture. He recalled the prostrate form of Henry Xonck — it might not be long before Francis Xonck was more powerful than five Harald Crabbés put together. A prostate biopsy is a procedure to remove samples of suspicious tissue from the prostate. 6. to lay or throw down flat, as on the ground. 2. a plant with horizontal shoots close to the ground that may take root in the process of growth. [4][3] The five lobes are the anterior lobe or isthmus; the posterior lobe; the right and left lateral lobes, and the middle or median lobe. [4] The term prostatae was taken rather than the grammatically correct prostator (singular) and prostatores (plural) because the gender of the Ancient Greek term was taken as female, when it was in fact male. [3] Both the inferior vesicle and the middle rectal arteries often arise together directly from the internal iliac arteries. A World News article in some editions Friday misspelled the word as prostrate. Functional anatomy of the cetacean reproductive system, with comparisons to the domestic dog. [15] The cells lining this part of the urethra differentiate into the glandular epithelium of the prostate. You Staying Young. The prostate glands produce and contain fluid that forms part of semen, the substance that is emitted during ejaculation as part of the male sexual response. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. "Female prostate: a review about the biological repercussions of this gland in humans and rodents", "What I need to know about Prostate Problems", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prostate&oldid=984408577, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The back of the gland that surrounds the distal urethra and lies beneath the capsule. [62], The Skene's gland, also known as the female prostate, is found in both female humans and rodents. an illness that prostrated an entire family; a nation that was prostrated by years of civil war. External beam radiotherapy became more popular as stronger X-ray radiation sources became available in the middle of the 20th century. (Botany) (of a plant) growing closely along the ground. [3], It is possible for some men to achieve orgasm solely through stimulation of the prostate gland, such as prostate massage or anal intercourse. The Skene’s gland is the female homolog of the prostate gland, but this article focuses solely on the prostate gland. Why is an enlarged prostate gland a sign of poor health? The penis length may change if the part of the urethra within the prostate is also removed. The prostate gland enlarges over time, until the fourth decade of life. Urination and ejaculation would be affected, as well as the survivability of the sperm ejaculated. It is surrounded by a fibromuscular capsule and contains … [17] When sperm is emitted, it is transmitted from the vas deferens into the male urethra via the ejaculatory ducts, which lie within the prostate gland. [12] The corresponding specific proteins are expressed in the glandular and secretory cells of the prostatic gland and have functions that are important for the characteristics of semen. [32], Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) replaced radical prostatectomy for symptomatic relief of obstruction in the middle of the 20th century because it could better preserve penile erectile function. It is used with the very specific meaning of "stretched out with face on the ground in adoration or submission," but is also used simply to mean "lying flat." 5. It is found inferior to the neck of the bladder, and above the urethral sphincter (as pictured in the illustration). prone implies a position with the front of the body turned toward the supporting surface. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/prostrate, prone, supine, incumbent; to lay flat as on the ground; to reduce to physical weakness, "But, madam, it is needless; from the wharf to the hotel, as you observe, extends an unbroken line of, Two of the brothers led Pierre up to the altar, placed his feet at right angles, and bade him lie down, saying that he must, "I am he whom you sold and dishonored -- I am he whose betrothed you prostituted -- I am he upon whom you trampled that you might raise yourself to fortune -- I am he whose father you condemned to die of hunger -- I am he whom you also condemned to starvation, and who yet forgives you, because he hopes to be forgiven -- I am Edmond Dantes!" ", "The human proteome in prostate – The Human Protein Atlas", "Analysis of the Human Prostate-Specific Proteome Defined by Transcriptomics and Antibody-Based Profiling Identifies TMEM79 and ACOXL as Two Putative, Diagnostic Markers in Prostate Cancer", "Emerging roles of human prostatic Acid phosphatase", "Physical Therapy Treatment for Prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome", "Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Current Treatment Strategies", "Surgery to remove your prostate gland | Prostate cancer | Cancer Research UK", 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2353(2000)13:3<214::AID-CA10>3.0.CO;2-N, "Studies on prostate cancer: 1. The prostate gland is notably vascular and well-innervated. The prostate is prone to infection and enlargement later in life, constricting the urethra so urinating becomes slow and painful. It differs between species anatomically, chemically, and physiologically. [1][4] The zones are: The "lobe" classification describes lobes that, whilst originally defined in the foetus, are also visible in gross anatomy, including dissection and when viewed endoscopically. The secretions of the gland, known as prostate fluid, is a part of the seminal fluid that is ejected during ejaculation. [31] The first time a word similar to 'prostate' was used to describe the gland is credited to André du Laurens in 1600, who described it as a term already in use by anatomists at the time. [1], The connective tissue of the prostate is made up of fibrous tissue and smooth muscle. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. [3] Vessels of the prostate itself also drain into the obturator and sacral lymph nodes.[3]. This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 23:31. SPECIAL: The One Thing You Should Do for Your Prostate Every Morning [28] A perineal approach will not involve lymph node removal and may result in less pain and a faster recovery following an operation. Wordnik is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, EIN #47-2198092. This is often done through the use of GnRH analogues or agents that block the receptors that androgens act at, such as bicalutamide; occasionally, surgical removal of the testes may be done instead. [63] It functions as a histologic homolog to the male prostate gland. 4. The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the Web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. The gland is particularly well developed in dogs, foxes and boars, though in other mammals, such as bulls, it can be small and inconspicuous. The part of the urethra passing through it is called the prostatic urethra, which joints with the two ejaculatory ducts. [47] It is not found in xenarthrans (sloths, anteaters, and armadillos), mustelids (martens, badgers, and otters),[48] monotremes, and marsupial moles; the latter two instead having simpler cloacal glands that carry out their function. Many men, in old age, will experience a swollen prostate gland for a number of different reasons. [20] Because of the significant risk of overdiagnosis with widespread screening in the general population, prostate cancer screening is controversial. The prostate gland is innervated by the inferior hypogastric nerve plexus. Percy was lying prostrate with his arms outstretched. Inflammation of the prostate can cause painful urination or ejaculation, groin pain, difficulty passing urine, or constitutional symptoms such as fever or tiredness. [20], Surgery to remove the prostate is called prostatectomy, and is usually done as a treatment for cancer limited to the prostate, or prostatic enlargement. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Grandad told he had terminal cancer for 20 years without realising; Andrew Hardy, from Nottinghamshire, has shared the heartbreaking moment he was told by doctors that his cancer would eventually kill him - but he has vowed to live the Monty Python motto to 'always look on the bright side of life', Enlarged Prostate among men can be treated without surgery, through Prostatic Artery Embolization, Adamis Pharmaceuticals Corp acquires drug candidates for prostrate cancer, Excitement on Temple Mount as Rabbi Prostrates Himself, Prostovoljno Dodatno Pokojninsko Zavarovanje, prostrate (oneself) before (someone or something). [27][20] Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body is usually treated also with hormone therapy, to deprive a tumour of sex hormones (androgens) that stimulate proliferation. [20] It is often diagnosed when the prostate has enlarged to the point where urination becomes difficult. PSA values are difficult to interpret, because a high value might be present in a person without cancer, and a low value can be present in someone with cancer. To function properly, the prostate needs male hormones (androgens), which are responsible for male sex characteristics. How to use prostrate in a sentence. Biologydictionary.net, June 24, 2017. https://biologydictionary.net/prostate-gland/. The transition zone surrounds the proximal urethra. This leads to an evolutionary design fault for some mammals, including human males. When PSA levels are high, the risk of prostate cancer is higher. If a cancer is small and localised, the decision may be made to monitor for cancer activity at intervals ("active surveillance") and defer treatment. To cause to lie flat: The wind prostrated the young trees. Brachytherapy with implanted seeds (for prostate cancer) was first described in 1983. Imaging showing the inferior vesical, inferior pudendal and middle rectal arteries arising from the internal iliac arteries. [54] In some marsupial species, the size of the prostate gland changes seasonally. It is described in gross anatomy as consisting of lobes, and in microanatomy by zone. In general, treatment often begins with an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist medication such as tamsulosin, which reduces the tone of the smooth muscle found in the urethra that passes through the prostate, making it easier for urine to pass through. Prostate stones are usually tiny — about the size of poppy seeds, according to WebMD.


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