He was influential in contemporary German politics, being an advisor to Germany's negotiators at the Treaty of Versailles and to the commission charged with drafting the Weimar Constitution. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. After showing how basic Max Weber's concept of the routinization of charisma is, both to his sociological theory in general, and to his sociology of religion in particular, the paper raises the question whether Catholicism has in fact become routinized in the way Weber thought unavoidable. Search for other works by this author on: Copyright © 1965 The American Catholic Sociological Society. In this sense, the social relationships directly involved with charismatic authority are strictly personal and irrational in character. Max Weber began his studies of rationalisation in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, in which he shows how the aims of certain ascetic Protestant denominations, particularly Calvinism, shifted towards the rational means of economic gain as a way of expressing that they had been blessed. From Wikipedia: Maximilian Carl Emil Weber (1864 – 1920) was a German political economist and sociologist who is considered one of the founders of the modern study of sociology and public administration. This page was last modified on 20 October 2007, at 10:14. The routinization of charisma refers to the process whereby an organization is fractured following the demise or departure of a charismatic leader. The process of routinization of charisma, by which the sect becomes a church, is a transformation from the situation in which "the religious motif largely determines the inner social structure of the sect" and religious pressures predominate over social, to one in which “as the spirit recedes into remoteness and the sect hardens, as it were, into ecclesiastical forms, the pressures predominate in the other direction, … Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Al Sharpton says he’s on his way to visit. Three arguments are used to prove that this has not happened: the original charisma has been repeatedly re-awakened; in the so-called forum internum, i.e., the practice of the confessional, no legalization has taken place; and the growth of a rationalizing theology has been counter-balanced by a permanent and ever-renewed exploration of mystery, especially through the medium of art. Weber (1978 [1914]) notes that those attributed charismatic authority are considered “extraordinary and endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities … regarded as divine in origin or as exemplary, and on the basis of them [these qualities] the individual concerned is treated as a leader” (p. 241). "The Routinization of Charisma? Abstract. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Amazon's massive Labor Day sale launched early. Weber called this process of transferring authority from a charismatic person to a bureaucratic organization the “Routinization of Charisma”. Understanding Delinquency among the Spiritual but Not Religious, Unsettling the Self: the Paradoxes of Narrative Identity in Christian Testimonial Practice, Race, Religious Tradition, and Environmental Conservation, Religion in the Age of Social Distancing: How COVID-19 Presents New Directions for Research, Family Sacrifices: The Worldviews and Ethics of Chinese Americans, by RUSSELL M. JEUNG, SEANAN S. FONG, and HELEN JIN KIM, About the Association for the Sociology of Religion, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Copyright © 2020 Association for the Sociology of Religion. His major works deal with rationalisation in sociology of religion and government, but he also contributed much in the field of economics. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Perhaps the most important routinization form for the social scientific study of religion itself is office charisma, a traditionalist structure wherein the "office" to which a functionary is usually "ordained" is considered to be sacred (e.g., "Holy Orders") and to convey sanctity in turn upon the occupant's acts, without regard to his or her moral character generally. When an institution is in this phase, a number of things may happen. Routinized charisma worries more about the fact of revelation than with actually revealing anything, for it needs legitimacy far more than it needs new ideas. Mahomes gets engaged after receiving Super Bowl ring. Leave a reply. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Weber continues his investigation into this matter in later works, notably in his studies on bureaucracy and on the classifications of authority. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. Learn more. To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. You have to build the revolutionary ideas and practices of the figure into the bureaucracy or formal structure of the organization. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use,  10.1002/9781405165518.wbeosc022.pub2, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781405165518.wbeosc022.pub2. Werner Stark, The Routinization of Charisma: A Consideration of Catholicism, Sociology of Religion, Volume 26, Issue 4, Winter 1965, Pages 203–211, https://doi.org/10.2307/3709920.


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